The Progress of Intemperance
This engraving was designed, engraved, and published by Edward Gallaudet (1809-1847). Published in 1831, in Boston, Massachusetts, this engraving is a series of six smaller engravings that give a portrait of a man as he descends from sobriety into drunkenness. It depicts a man transforming from a fine, upstanding citizen, into a brutish man, with the expectation of an early and ugly end.
The engravings are based on the drawings and paintings of William Hogarth of England (1697-1764), a connection most people of the time would have quickly made. In his work "A Rake's Progress", done in 1735, Hogarth illustrates his hero, Tom Rakewell, and shows his progressive descent into debt and madness. The idea presented in both "The Progress of Intemperance" and "A Rake's Progress" is that sin carries its own punishment.
Transcription of Primary Source
ENTIRE ABSTINENCE: Health & Decorum in manners & dress
WINE, used in what is termed moderation: Undue gaiety in behavior and appearance
WINE, taken freely & at times in excess: Extravagance in actions & dress - & Occasional Intoxication
BRANDY: Frequent intoxication with loss of health & reputation
BRANDY, to excess: Sottish mess, emaciation, & Rags
NOT A FANCY SKETCH: Brutality, consumption & then, Death
Exact Title: The Progress of Intemperance
Author/Creator: Gallaudet, E.
Publisher: Gallaudet, E.
Place of Publication: Boston, Massachusetts
Dimensions: Image and text 26 x 28 cm., on sheet 28 x 34 cm.
Catalog Number: American Antiquarian Society Engrf Gall Gall Prog